April 24, 2014

Elyria
Intermittent clouds
38°F
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Extreme Cold

Extreme cold temperatures not only are annoying, but can be dangerous to your health and safety. Take steps now to keep safe when during extreme winter weather. 

Prevent Frostbite and Hypothermia

Frostbite is the freezing of a body part, and is most common in fingers, toes, the nose or earlobes. Hypothermia can happen when the body becomes so cold that the body's warming system stops working. Both of these cold-related health problems can be prevented. Check out ways to keep warm and safe in extreme cold:

  • Know the wind chill. Check out the image, to the right, to know your risk of frostbite when cold temperatures and the wind are factored. 
  • Dress for the weather. Wear a hat, gloves, scarf for the face, and layer clothing for the best protection.  
  • Keep active to maintain body heat. Walk in place, jumping jacks, dance-- anything to keep warm!
  • Take frequent breaks from the cold, if you must be outdoors. 

Signs of Frostbite and What to Do

  • The early signs of frostbite are pain, coldness, and red skin. 
  • Unable to "feel" or numbness
  • Skin that looks waxy, is cold, or is not a normal color (white or grey, yellow or blue)
  • ** If you have these signs, check out what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say to do.**

Signs of Hypothermia and What to Do 

  • Adults:
    • Shivering, exhaustion
    • Confusion
    • Memory loss, slurred speech
    • Tiredness
  • Infants:
    • Bright red, cold skin
    • Low energy
  • ** If someone you know has these signs, get them into a warm room and call 911 or go to a hospital.**

 

Sources: 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: frostbite 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: hypothermia 

American Red Cross